We already brought you part one of our list of 15 things you probably did not know about Down Syndrome, and now we’re back with part two! Check out eight more fascinating facts about the commonly misunderstood genetic disorder that you definitely (probably) did not know below. You might be surprised by what you find out!
Number Eight: Some People With Down Syndrome Look Completely Normal
Though there are several physical traits associated with the condition – low muscle tone, upward slanting eyes, and low muscle tone, to name a few – the traits manifest themselves in various degrees. Some people with the syndrome don’t have any of the physical characteristics.
Number Seven: It’s Not a Disease
Don’t get caught making the mistake of calling Down Syndrome a disease, because it’s definitely not. Down Syndrome is a condition or disorder – it’s something people are born with, not something they catch.
Number Six: There’s No Way to Prevent It
Other than maintaining a healthy lifestyle throughout pregnancy, there is no foolproof way to prevent a child from being born with the condition. However, there are many effective treatments for it, including speech therapy, certain supplements, and assistive devices.
Number Five: It’s Not Named After the Person Who Discovered It
The condition was discovered by Dr. Jerome Lejeune. However, it’s named after Dr. John Langdon Down, who is the man who first categorized the most common features of the syndrome.
Number Four: It’s Completely Unrelated to Incest
Though incest can lead to some debilitating disorders, Down Syndrome isn’t one of them. There is absolutely no correlation between incest and the condition.
Number Three: The Average IQ of Someone With Down Syndrome Is Increasing
It’s true! Approximately 40 percent of people who have the condition fall between the IQ range of 50 to 70, which means they’re mildly intellectually disabled. One percent fall between the IQ range of 70 and 80, which also falls within the average IQ range of the general population (70 – 130).
Number Two: People With the Condition Look More Like Their Immediate Family Than Other People With the Condition
Some people assume that kids who have Down Syndrome look more like each other than they do their immediate family; however, this assumption is incorrect. People with the condition will resemble their immediate family more than other people who have the condition.
Number One: It’s Not Nearly as Well-Funded as It Should Be
This is sad but true. Since 2001, the funding provided to Down Syndrome research has been steadily decreasing. In a time when more and more people are being diagnosed with it, this is something that needs to change. We hope you enjoyed our list of 15 things you didn’t know about Down Syndrome!