Birth Defects: The Top 6 Most Common Types

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Most infants in this country are born quite normal and healthy, but about 3 in every 100 babies have birth defects. The smartest thing you can do first if your child is diagnosed is to get a second opinion to be sure of what you’re dealing with. Here are the six most common types.

Number Six: Fragile X Chromosome

Children with this defect look normal when they’re born, so you may not realize something is off until they are toddlers. Slow language development is usually the first indication of a fragile X chromosome.

Number Five: Down Syndrome

Most kids born with Down syndrome are able to do most of the things that any kid is capable of, walking, talking, and using the toilet. They usually just learn to do these things later than other kids.

Number Four: Missing or Abnormal Limbs

When babies are born missing arms or legs or have some other type of issue, they are typically referred to specialists as soon as possible. This way they can attain artificial limbs or whatever else is necessary and hopefully get used to these additions early.

Number Three: Spina Bifida Birth Defects

This disorder prevents the baby’s backbone from closing all the way as a developing fetus. When a child is suspected of having this defect, it’s usually necessary that the infant be delivered via C-section. This is to ensure that specialists can begin giving the child their attention immediately. At times, the defect is relatively harmless, but in severe cases it could result in paralysis of the legs.

Number Two: A Cleft Lip or Cleft Palate

A cleft in the lip or palate can range from a small notch of the lip to a deformation in the entire lip and nostril. This defect typically means that the affected person will need speech therapy. Language is affected both physically and due to a frequency of ear infections in sufferers.

Number One: Clubfoot

Luckily, this defect is not very painful for the child, and isn’t very noticeable until they begin trying to walk. It can range from mild to severe. Thanks for reading our list.

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