Arthritis – Symptoms, Types, Causes and Treatments

chronicpainblog.com
chronicpainblog.com

Arthritis is a common disorder still it is quite unknown term among people. People often misunderstand arthritis with joint pain, but arthralgia is the term which should be referred as to joint pain.

So, what is it?

It is the inflammation around the joints. Arthritis can be seen even in children, but it is more common in women than men and people over the age of 60. Treatment of arthritis at the primary stage will prevent irreversible disability and damage to the joints.

Symptoms of Arthritis

Symptoms occur over the period of time. Pain in the joints, swelling and stiffness are some common symptoms of arthritis. These symptoms are worst in the morning. A person suffering from rheumatoid arthritis may feel loss of appetite and exhausted.

Types of Arthritis

There are over 100 identified types of arthritis, and the numbers are increasing every year. However, the two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Causes of Arthritis

When connecting tissue (cartilage) that absorbs shock in the joints when we move and put stress on them is damaged, arthritis is formed. Wear and tear of cartilage often forms osteoarthritis arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by the attack of our immune system on cartilage.

Diagnosis of Arthritis

Regular blood tests, examination of fluid around the joints and imaging scans such as MRI, X-Rays and CT scans can be performed to determine the condition of bones and cartilage. Rheumatologist, an arthritis specialist will be able to diagnose the arthritis in a better way.

Treatments of Arthritis

There are number of arthritis medication to treat this disorder. However, the main goal is always to reduce the pain and prevent further damage to joints.

– People suffering from RA may be given dose of drugs which will suppress the immune system.

– Someone who is having Orthopaedic arthritis might have to undergo surgery, including joint replacements.

-Other treatments involve the use of hydrocodone (Vicodin), ibuprofen and so on to reduce the pain and prevent damage to cartilage, joints’ tissues.

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