Albino animals are one of the coolest and rarest occurrences in nature as we know it. For those of you who don’t know, albinism is a hereditary condition in which affected organisms have either complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair, eyes, or all of the above. This condition is quite unique and interesting, and we are here to fill you in on five intriguing facts you didn’t know about albino animals!
Number Five: Appearance
The appearance of albino animals is similar to that of normal species, save for the fact that they look like an all-white version. In terms of white animals in comparison to albino animals, the key to discerning the two is eye color. Most often, albinos are gifted with pale blue or pink eyes, and white eyelashes as well. Therefore, a polar bear is not albino unless it has these eye colors.
Number Four: Health Issues
What causes albinism primarily is a lack of melanin in the body. For these animals, it is common for them to have poor eyesight as a result of a lack of melanin in their eyes. This chemical is important for depth perception, tracking, and focusing. In addition, these animals are often more prone to sun damage or contracting skin cancer.
Number Three: Survival Rates
In the wild, an animal’s hue can be essential for its survival. For example, a white gazelle would be easily seen on the plains by any hunting lions. Conversely, animals that require camouflage to hunt may experience problems as well. In addition, the animals with the condition often lead lonely lives, as they are cast out from the others of its kind. Because of this, it is difficult for them to find a mate.
Number Two: Albino Births
Just as it occurs in humans, albinism is genetically inherited from parents. It is most prominent of offspring whose parents have a damaged or abnormal tyrosinase, which is responsible for melanin production. Despite these conditions, it is completely possible for a normal animal to birth an albino or vice versa.
Number One: Partial vs. Pure
When describing albino animals, they can be classified as either partial or pure. In partial albinos, the skin or fur may appear patchy, or they may have only a portion of the acquainted symptoms. A pure albino will exhibit white skin or fur, pink or blue eyes, and pink nails. We hope you enjoyed exploring the five intriguing facts about albino animals!