Pneumonia is a kind of an infection that results in the inflammation in the air sacs of one or both lungs. It is characterized by fever, coughing and difficulty in breathing. Majority of the people can treat pneumonia at home and it normally takes 2 to 3 weeks to go away. But babies, old people and people with other illnesses can get seriously ill. There are many misconceptions about this disease which need to be debunked so that proper care can be given to those who do contract pneumonia.
Number Seven: Pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics
Antibiotics are used only to treat bacterial infections and this disease may not always be caused by a bacterium. It is a common cause but some fungi and viruses can also cause this disease. Also, if the bacteria are resistant to antibiotics then the bacterial form of pneumonia will also win against antibiotics.
Number Six: It is just another kind of common cold
Pneumonia is much more than a common cold although their initial symptoms are similar. But with time, the symptoms exacerbate and timely medical intervention is necessary.
Number Five: Only the elderly require vaccination against it
It is true that people over 65 are at an increased risk of getting this disease but that does not mean that only this age group should consider vaccination. People who suffer from COPD, asthma, HIV, diabetes, especially young adults, children and those who drink excessively should consider getting these shots.
Number Four: Healthy people are immune to it
People believe that those with a weak immune system can catch pneumonia more easily, but thinking that those with a healthy immune system are completely safe, is wrong. They do have a reduced risk of getting pneumonia but they are not totally resistant.
Number Three: People living in cold climates develop pneumonia
Getting pneumonia is least dependant on weather conditions. Indoor environment sets the stage for these bacteria and so there are higher number of cases in winters when people seldom get out. People in tropical countries who face high temperatures, crowds and exposure to pollutants and poor nutrition usually report more cases of this disease.
Number Two: It is not preventable
If you follow a healthy diet and quit unhealthy habits like smoking and staying in unhygienic conditions, you can minimize your risk of getting this disease. All these factors build a good immune system and that can fight any disease.
Number One: Hospitalization is compulsory to treat this disease
If you have a healthy immune system, then even simple home remedies can cure mild to moderate cases of pneumonia. But if your immune system is impaired, then it is better to consult a doctor and get hospitalized.